Recent comments

  • Reply to: Article Title for newspaper news briefs   4 hours 37 min ago

    Thank you very much!

  • Reply to: Article Title for newspaper news briefs   17 hours 13 min ago

    Mooredan, in the situation you describe the "article title" would be the "Local News."  Typically, an article title will be centered in the middle of the column of print and put in bold face or all caps, so readers can spot it easily.  If the "article" is a regular feature with random items of news (which  seems to be what you are describing) then we cite the name of the feature. If the feature is a collection of random news and we wish to call out one specific item or paragraph, then yes, we treat it as a "specific item" and identify it at the end of our citation to page and column.  

    Incidentally, in our First Reference Note, we also need to include the location of the newspaper—city and state. If either or both pieces of location data is not part of the newspaper's title, then we add it in parentheses or square editorial brakcets (EE 14.11).  In this case, you'd have

    "Local News," Garnett (Kansas) Journal, 10 May 1907, p. 7, col. 5, for "Daniel Showalter"; digital images, ( : accessed 20 Aug 2017).



  • Reply to: Reference Note Updates   1 day 16 hours ago

    Dear Editor,

    I didn't, but when I just looked, I didn't because I have had no navigation issues on my Kindle.

    Thank you,


  • Reply to: Reference Note Updates   2 days 11 hours ago

    Glad it helped, Russ!  

    Did you notice something else about the Kindle edition of EE3r? The "front matter," for which traditional books use roman numerals, has been reworked to merged with the numbered pages so that Kindle's image numbers will match page numbers throughout?  And we managed to do it without renumbering any of the substantive page numbers from Chapter 1 through the end of the book! 

  • Reply to: Citing Connecticut Vital Records   2 days 17 hours ago

    Hello, jamiechall.

    In states like Connecticut, with the situation you describe, we should bear in mind the basic rule of citation: We cite what we use.  

    Even though "copies" of someone's vital records may be obtained from a local office or a state office, the two versions are often not the same. If we obtain a certificate from the state office, we cite that as a certificate from the state office (EE 9.41). If we obtain a certificate from the local office, we cite it as a certificate from the local office--city or county (EE 9.32–9.33). If the local record comes from a register rather than a stand-alone certificate, our citation makes that distinction (EE 9.34).

    As our research progresses and we do the "reasonably exhaustive research" that we should do in order to reach reliable conclusions, we begin to see contradictions in those records.To determine what is accurate, or the most reliable, we need to (a) understand the process under which that type of record was created; (b) understand the different versions that would have been created in the process; and (c) to know, precisely, which version we have taken our data from.  

    As a rule, the record that is created locally, at the time the event occurred, is more likely to be accurate than a copy of that record that was created by the state office from whatever reporting method the local office used in reporting a batch of events to the state.