Punctuation

 
 
 

When Do I Use Parentheses in a Citation? (Psst! Not This Way!)

9 March 2015
In citations to published works, parentheses are used to set off "publication data." When citing a magazine or journal article ...

British & American English—Pesky Differences

30 September 2014
American English and British English differ in many niggling ways—some of which we addressed in our posting "International Quotation Differences," last 23 March. Those differences are even more pronounced when we consider ...

Periods. Create. A. Full. Stop.

31 August 2014
What does a period say to you when you see one? By common agreement in the language world, a period usually means: Stop. The end. Finis. When we're writing, it means ...

Exclamation Points

8 June 2014
We do love our exclamation points. They are so expressive. They can show delight or frustration. They show surprise, or shock, or incredulity. We can make our feelings even more obvious by using ...

Hyphens vs. Dashes

4 May 2014
A single hyphen should never be substituted for a dash. The hyphen's purpose is to connect. The purpose of a dash is to separate. In days of yore when ...

Punctuation Sins Revisited: ,(

16 February 2013
,(...). Okay, this is a venial sin, but there's still no reason to commit it. When creating a citation, why would anyone put a comma in front of an open parentheses? . . .