British & American English—Pesky Differences

30 September 2014
American English and British English differ in many niggling ways—some of which we addressed in our posting "International Quotation Differences," last 23 March. Those differences are even more pronounced when we consider ...

Citing Vital Records: Four Questions

27 September 2014
When citing a vital record (an official registration of birth, marriage, or death), four questions should guide our decision as to how we cite what we are using ...

Three Handy Tips for Citing U.S. Military Pension Files

21 September 2014
Veteran's pensions. Widow's pensions. Surviving children's pensions. Step-children's pensions. All of these have some common denominators and some differences. Here are three handy tips:

This Edition, That Edition: Does It Matter?

18 September 2014
We've all done it. We're writing something. Maybe it's an instructional article. Maybe it's the end product of a piece of research. We recall something we've read that is relevant to a point we're trying to make. We even recall where we read it—one of those Significant Books or Weighty Journals on our own library shelves. So we retrieve it, find the relevant passage, refresh our memory as to what it actually says, synthesize or quote the author's point, and then cite the source. All well and good. Or not! ...

Where Do We Find Jury Lists from the 1800s?

24 October 2014
As a rule, the surviving lists will be copied into the recorded minutes of the county court (i.e., inferior, superior, ordinary, chancery, circuit, or whatever name is used in the locale). At the end of each ...

A Basic Vocabulary for Historical Research

24 September 2014
Every field has its distinctive vocabulary. The word "document," for example, evokes a quite-different expectation in the mind of one who does historical research vis à vis, say, a software architect. The following basic vocabulary is ...

What to Cite First: The Chicken or the Egg?

15 September 2014
Every writing guide differs from others, depending upon the needs of the fields it serves. One of the ways that Evidence Style differs from other popular styles lies in the handling of "borrowed" sources—at least the legally "borrowed" ones. ...

A Problem with a 1-Word Solution

8 September 2014
In our research, we find The Perfect Stuff to incorporate into our lecture, a classroom module, or a piece of writing we plan to circulate or publish. Can we do so legally? Of course! say some. Your purpose is educational. That means it falls under the Fair Use principle of U.S. Copyright Law, which explicitly tells us ...

Citations: 1-2-3 Easy

12 September 2014
Every kind of citation follows a basic pattern: 1-2-3. When we have something to identify, we identify (1) the creator, (2) the item, then (3) access information. If it's a ...

Citations: Input vs. Output

4 September 2014
Citations exist in two stages, working notes and final form. This input vs. output issue is especially important for history researchers, given our use of so many original materials. Yes, EE does provide formats for many types of sources not treated by classic citation guides; but the more-important issue is not format. It's substance. What's critical is ...