Citation Issues

Subsequent Note for Layered Citations


In a layered citation, what components of the 2nd layer are included (if any) in a subsequent note?

In my example below, I am following the citation guidelines laid out in section 7.40 (Church Records from Germany) for the 1st layer. I use the 2009 second print edition of EE and refer to this blog regarding all things “layered” to keep up with new developments. Notice elements of both layers change in the 2nd note.

Recording newspaper pages and columns

Could you provide some guidance on the following situations one finds when recording of pages and columns of a newspaper? The first question, below, is by far the most important.

1) Some newspapers seem to split or merge their regular number of page-columns in the course of a page.
causes me confusion when trying to cite an article, because column number depends upon where it occurs on the page. Is there a standard way to handle this?

Transcribed Parish Records in a book imaged online

I am attempting to cite transcribed parish register from Christ Church in Middlesex County, Virginia and I just get confused on how to do this properly.  The book is found on-line at family search at the following link:  The Parish register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Va., from 1653 to 1812 (

This is the citation that I have:

Citing Munkács, Hungary (now Mukachevo, Ukraine) Records

Oof! I've been struggling with this one. I have a client project that has led to Jewish records from Munkács, Bereg, Hungary (later part of Czechoslovakia and now part of Ukraine) that have been digitized and placed online. My first challenge was figuring out how to copy and paste the Ukrainian text into Word to begin the process of creating citations. I would like EE's input on anything I should add to these citations.

Citing a Blog Post

The New York Historical Society website publishes several blogs as part of their larger website. I am trying to cite an article that is part of one of their blogs but am not entirely sure how to approach it. The article doesn't show an author. The blogs do not have their own url and are structured as categories on the site. I assume that the name of the blog should still be featured somehow, I'm just not sure where. Here's a link to the article.

 And my attempt:

How do I cite a sub-topic under a topic on a website?

I used the Wolfbane Cybernetic website to find the meaning of a disease code on a 1932 death certificate. My waypoints were>International Classification of Diseases>ILCD Revision 4 (1929).  Do I format "ILCD Revision 4 (1929)" as a chapter in "International Classification of Diseases"?  If so, are both titles in quotes, or is the chapter in quotes and the title in italics?

Foreign documents that have been digitized and translated

So I am struggling with this one a lot.  I was given a link to a database with to access Lutheran records in Lithuania.  The records are kept at the archive there and I used to purchase copies from there until the President of IAGL Online indexing told me of their having digitized and indexed a large amount of records.

citation for negative findings

I have searched for evidence of an early 19th century Washington Co. PA marriage on Ancestry,, and through a related PA genealogical society, with negative results.  If I want to publish this case study, what would be a good way of citing those negative results. There are a lot of record groups involved.

Citing data/information on a web page about a work of art

Help, I'm new to source citation. Any help/feedback you can provide to refine this citation would be most appreciated.

Joseph Smith painting (1971, by Adrian Lamb, Record ID: npg_NPG.71.43), web page; selected data, National Portrait Gallery - Smithsonian Institution, website, path: > The Portraits > Search the Collection: “NPG.71.43” ( : accessed 11 August 2023); citing: Data Source: National Portrait Gallery.